भारत में बिटक्वाइन की बढ़ रही स्वीकार्यता, RBI दे चुका है चेतावनी

Bitcoin

नई दिल्ली।  भारतीय रिजर्व बैंक की चेतावनी के बावजूद 2,500 से ज्यादा लोग रोजाना डिजिटल मुद्रा Bitcoin (बिटक्वाइन) में निवेश कर रहे हैं। एक घरेलू बिटकॉइन एक्सचेंज के अनुसार इसे डाउनलोड करने वालों की संख्या पांच लाख तक पहुंच गई है। एप आधारित बिटकॉइन एक्सचेंज, जेबपे ने बयान में कहा कि एंड्राएड प्लेटफॉर्म पर उसके डाउनलोड की संख्या पांच लाख से ऊपर पहुंच गई है और इसमें हर दिन 2,500 से ज्यादा इजाफा हो रहा है।

कंपनी ने कहा कि इससे यह पता चलता है कि बिटकॉइन को लोग स्वीकार कर रहे हैं। कंपनी ने 2015 में ही अपना परिचालन शुरू किया है। आपको बता दें कि भारतीय रिजर्व बैंक (आरबीआई) कई बार बिटक्वॉइन जैसी डिजिटल करंसी के इस्तेमाल पर अपनी चिंताएं व्यक्त कर चुका है। बिटकॉइन जैसी ऐप में पैसा डालने से वित्तीय, कानूनी, ग्राहक सुरक्षा और सुरक्षा संबन्धी मुद्दों पर गंभीर खतरा हो सकता है।

यह भी पढ़ेंः    फिर हो सकता है रैनसमवेयर का साइबर अटैक, बचना होगा नामुमकिन, बरतें ये सावधानियाँ

इस शख़्स ने रोका रैनसमवेयर का हमला, बन गया हीरो

10 से 20 पैसे में बेचा गया आपका बैंक डाटा, 1 करोड़ लीक; कितना सुरक्षित डिजिटल भारत ?

blockChain

क्या है बिटकॉइन:

बिटकॉइन एक नई इनोवेटिव डिजिटल टेक्नोलॉजी या वर्चुअल करेंसी है। इसको 2008-2009 में सतोशी नाकामोतो नामक एक सॉफ्टवेयर डे़वलपर,  प्रचलन में लाया था। कम्प्यूटर नेटवर्कों के जरिए इस मुद्रा से बिना किसी मध्‍यस्‍थता के ट्रांजैक्‍शन किया जा सकता है। वहीं, इस डिजिटल करेंसी को डिजिटल वॉलेट में रखा जाता है। बिटकॉइन को क्रिप्टोकरेंसी भी कहा जाता है।

खबरों के मुताबिक भारत में एक बिटकॉइन की कीमत लगभग 1 लाख 20 हजार रुपए है। इसलिए इसे महंगी करेंसी भी कहा जाता है। कम्प्यूटर नेटवर्कों के जरिए इस मुद्रा से बिना किसी मध्यस्थता के लेन-देन किया जा सकता है। बिटकॉइन का फायदा यह रहता है कि इसमें लेन-देन गुमनाम रहता है।

blockChainUSSD

बिटकॉइन का निर्माण जटिल कम्‍प्‍यूटर एल्गोरिथम्स और कम्‍प्‍यूटर पावर से किया जाता है जिसे माइनिंग कहते हैं। इस करंसी को क्रिप्टोकरेंसी भी कहा जाता है। जिस तरह रुपए, डॉलर और यूरो खरीदे जाते हैं, उसी तरह बिटकॉइन की भी खरीद होती है।

भारत में कई वॉलेट कंपनी वर्चुअल करेंसी खरीदने के लिए अपना प्लेटफॉर्म मुहैया कराती हैं। पिछले एक महीने में देश के तीन बिटकॉइन ट्रेडिंग प्लेटफॉर्म्स- जेबपे, यूनोकॉइन और कॉइनसिक्योर के नए यूजर्स में अच्छी बढ़ोतरी हुई है।

यह भी पढ़ेंः    फिर हो सकता है रैनसमवेयर का साइबर अटैक, बचना होगा नामुमकिन, बरतें ये सावधानियाँ

इस शख़्स ने रोका रैनसमवेयर का हमला, बन गया हीरो

10 से 20 पैसे में बेचा गया आपका बैंक डाटा, 1 करोड़ लीक; कितना सुरक्षित डिजिटल भारत ?

क्या है बिटकॉइन की खूबियांः

बिटकॉइन से इंटरनेट पर आसानी से दो लोगों के बीच ट्रांजैक्शन किया जा सकता है। इस ट्रांजेक्शन में शामिल दोनों लोगों के बीच जान पहचान होना जरूरी नहीं है। ना ही इस ट्रांजेक्शन को पूरा करने के लिए सरकार, बैंक अथवा किसी एजेंसी की जरूरत पड़ती है। एक बार बिटकॉइन के माध्यम से ट्रांजेक्शन हो जाने के बाद इसे कैंसिल नहीं किया जा सकता। इस ट्रांजेक्शन को कुछ सेकेंड में अंजाम दिया जा सकता है और ट्रांजेक्शन होते ही बिटकॉइन दूसरे ट्रांजेक्शन को भी तुरंत करने के लिए उपलब्ध रहता है।

poloniex

अभी हाल ही में दुनिया भर में रैनसमवेयर साइबर अटैक ‘वाना-क्राई’ की खबर आई और इसकी चपेट में लगभग 100 देश के कम्प्यूटर थे। उनको अनलॉक करने के लिए फिरौती की रकम भी बिटकॉइन के रूप में मांगी गई।

यह भी पढ़ेंः    फिर हो सकता है रैनसमवेयर का साइबर अटैक, बचना होगा नामुमकिन, बरतें ये सावधानियाँ

इस शख़्स ने रोका रैनसमवेयर का हमला, बन गया हीरो

10 से 20 पैसे में बेचा गया आपका बैंक डाटा, 1 करोड़ लीक; कितना सुरक्षित डिजिटल भारत ?

सरकार ने कहा है अवैधः

हालांकि वर्चुअल करेंसी को ना तो सरकार, ना ही रिजर्व बैंक ने कोई मान्यता दी है। वर्चुअल करेंसी बिटकॉइन निवेशकों के बीच तेजी से लोकप्रिय होता जा रहा है। फरवरी 2016 में बिटकॉइन की कीमत जहां 25000 रुपये थी, वहीं अभी इसकी कीमत करीब 1,23,500 रुपये ($1,900) है।

इस वर्ष सरकार ने मार्च महीने में कहा था कि बिटक्वॉइन में पैसा डालना अवैध है। इसे रिजर्व बैंक की अनुमति नहीं है।

इसमें पैसा डालने पर मनी लॉन्ड्रिंग का केस हो सकता है।

कुछ विशेषज्ञों का कहना है कि यह एक तरह की पोंजी स्कीम है जिसमें निवेशकों के साथ धोखा हो सकता है।

bitcoinGOVT

बिटकॉइन को कानूनी दर्जा देने की तैयारीः

बिटकॉइन को सरकार कानूनी दर्जा देने की तैयारी में है। जानकारी के मुताबिक सरकार इसे कानून के दायरे में लाकर टैक्स लगाना चाहती है। आरबीआई, वर्चुअल करेंसी में निवेश और लेनदेन पर विस्तृत गाइडलाइन तैयार करेगा।

वर्चुअल करेंसी को रिजर्व बैंक एक्ट 1934 के दायरे में लाया जा सकता है।

 

सरकार के इतर, व्यवसायिक घराने भी बिटकॉइन के प्रयोग पर गंभीरता से विचार विमर्श कर रहे हैं।

 

ASOCHAM

यह भी पढ़ेंः    फिर हो सकता है रैनसमवेयर का साइबर अटैक, बचना होगा नामुमकिन, बरतें ये सावधानियाँ

इस शख़्स ने रोका रैनसमवेयर का हमला, बन गया हीरो

10 से 20 पैसे में बेचा गया आपका बैंक डाटा, 1 करोड़ लीक; कितना सुरक्षित डिजिटल भारत ?

CarMar2017

 

यह भी पढ़ेंः    फिर हो सकता है रैनसमवेयर का साइबर अटैक, बचना होगा नामुमकिन, बरतें ये सावधानियाँ

इस शख़्स ने रोका रैनसमवेयर का हमला, बन गया हीरो

10 से 20 पैसे में बेचा गया आपका बैंक डाटा, 1 करोड़ लीक; कितना सुरक्षित डिजिटल भारत ?

बन सकती है आपकी वेबसाइट के नाम की ‘फर्जी’ वेबसाइट

स्नैपचैट के बयान का आंकड़ों की भाषा में विश्लेषण

अगर SBI में है ये खाता, तो नहीं रखना होगा मिनिमम बैलेंस

Post Author: Vireshwar Tomar

पत्रकार, सामाजिक-आर्थिक लेखक, ब्लाँगर...।

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