दार्जिलिंग की हसीं वादियों में गोरखालैंड की लपटें

hill-fire-5

दार्जिलिंग। पश्चिम बंगाल के दार्जिलिंग की हसीं वादियों में हिंसा भड़की हुई है। पृथक गोरखालैंड बनाने और बांग्ला भाषा को अनिवार्य करने के खिलाफ गोरखा जनमुक्ति मोर्चा (जीजेएम) आंदोलनरत है। टीएमसी भी दार्जिलिंग में रैली करने जा रही है। ऐसे में फिर से तनाव बढ़ने की आशंका जताई जा रही है।

क्या है मामलाः

पश्चिम बंगाल सरकार ने सभी स्कूलों में कक्षा 10 तक बंगाली पढ़ाए जाने को अनिवार्य कर दिया है। इसके खिलाफ गोरखा जनमुक्ति मोर्चा (जीजेएम), पूरे पहाड़ी इलाके में बड़े पैमाने पर विरोध प्रदर्शन कर रही है। जीजेएम की मांग है कि नेपाली को भाषा के रूप में पढ़ाया जाए या जरूरत हो तो हिंदी पढ़ाया जाए, लेकिन बंगाली नहीं।

hill-fire-2

अलग गोरखालैंड की भी मांगः

ममता बनर्जी के दार्जिलिंग दौरे से पहले और आने के बाद हजारों लोगों ने सड़क पर उतरकर काले झंडे दिखाए और अलग गोरखालैंड की मांग की। गोरखा जनमुक्ति मोर्चा के संस्थापक बिमल गुरंग ने कहा कि ममता बनर्जी ने दावा किया था कि बंगाली पढ़ना अनिवार्य नहीं, बल्कि च्वॉइस होगी। उन्होंने ने मांग करते हुए कहा कि ममता बनर्जी इस संबंध में विधानसभा में बिल पास करें कि नेपाली भाषा को पूरी सुरक्षा मिलेगी।

जीजेएम ने दार्जिंलिंग के सरकारी कार्यालयों में अनिश्चितकालीन बंद का आह्वान किया है।

जीजेएम अध्यक्ष बिमल गुरुंग ने ‘अप्रिय’ घटनाओं की आशंका के चलते पर्यटकों को पहाड़ी इलाके से निकल जाने को कहा है।

गौरतलब है कि जीजेएम, केन्द्र में मोदी सरकार की सहयोगी है।

बेहद खूबसूरत और रोमांचक है दार्जिलिंग:

दार्जिंलिंग को ‘पहाड़ो की रानी’ कहा जाता है और यह अपनी ख़ूबसूरती के लिए प्रसिद्ध है। यह भारत के राज्य पश्चिम बंगाल का एक नगर है। यह नगर देखने में बहुत ही खूबसूरत और रोमाचंक है इसलिए यहाँ पर साल भर लोग घूमने के लिए आते रहते है।

हज़ारों देशों में निर्यात होने वाली दार्जिलिंग की चाय सबको खूब भाती है। समुद्र तल से लगभग 6812 फुट की उंचाई पर स्थित इस शहर की सुन्दरता को शब्दों में बयां करना बहुत कठिन हैं।

tea-garden
(चाय बागान)

पश्चिम बंगाल में स्थित दार्जिलिंग की यात्रा न्यू जलपाईगुड़ी नामक शहर से शुरू होती है। बर्फ़ से ढके सुंदर पहाड़ो का दृश्य अतिमनोहरिय होता हैं।

टॉय ट्रेन में यात्रा इसमें चार चांद लगा देती है। यह ट्रेन दार्जिलिंग के प्रसिद्ध हिल स्टेशन की सुंदर वादियों की सैर कराती है। दार्जिलिंग हिमालयन रेलवे को 1999 में यूनेस्को द्धारा विश्व धरोंहरों की सूची में शामिल कर लिया गया था।

टाइगर हिल, तेंजिंगस लेगेसी, टॉय ट्रेन (Toy Train), जापानी मंदिर (पीस पगोडा), बतासिया लूप, चाय के बागान अादि यहां के रमणीय स्थल हैं।

Darjeeling-toy-train
टॉय ट्रेन (Toy Train)

लंबा रहा है पार्टियों का आरोप-प्रत्यारोप का खेल:

1986-88 में सीपीएम ने नारा देते हुए कहा था, ‘कंचनजंगा ए रक्तोर दाग केनो, राजीव गांधी जवाब दो‘ जिसका अर्थ है कि कंचनजंगा के पहाड़ों पर खून के दाग क्यों हैं, राजीव गांधी जवाब दें। तभी सीपीएम के नेपाली पहाड़ी काडरों ने गोरखालैंड की मांग शुरू कर दी थी।

इंदिरा गांधी (1972) और मोरारजी देसाई (1979) ने दार्जिलिंग में नेपाली भाषा को संवैधानिक मान्यता दिलाने के लिए हिंसक झड़पें देखी थीं।

गोरखालैंड की मांग अस्वीकार कर देने पर 1987 में राजीव गांधी की दार्जिलिंग में हुई सभा में महज 150 लोग ही पहुंचे थे।

60-61 के दशक में बीसी रॉय ने पूरे दार्जिलिंग में बांग्ला को अनिवार्य भाषा बनाने की जब कोशिश की थी, तब भी उन्हें घनघोर विरोध का सामना करना पड़ा था।

Peace-Pagoda-Darjeeling
जापानी मंदिर (पीस पगोडा)

 

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